In the photograph is one of the older locomotives in Ljubljana.  
  The 19th century is a century of railways. Ljubljana was connected with Vienna already in 1849, and with Trieste from 1857 on. In 1862, it became linked via Zidani most with Zagreb and Sisak (and thus with the Balkan countries), in 1873 with Beljak and thus with Switzerland and France. Ljubljana was connected by railway with all important towns of Eastern, Northern, Western and Southern Europe. With the development of technology the velocity and convenience of travelling advanced as well; the increasing density of railway connections offered emigrants the possibility of choice of route, which depended on the choice of shipping company and thus the port of departure on the Atlantic shore. Even faster and denser were railway connections in the United States of America.
Zidani most, east of Ljubljana, was a railway junction where the lines from Vienna (view towards the north) and Belgrade (from right) joined. From both, trains with local and foreign emigrants were speeding towards Ljubljana (in the postcard to the left).   The Lower Carniola railway station at the east entrance to Ljubljana was the last before the main railway station. Many Slovene emigrants coming from the east (Dolenjska-Lower Carniola), alighted from the train there and walked through the town to the station in the community Spodnja Šiška, which was not under town’s jurisdiction. There they boarded the train again towards the chosen departure port. Why at Spodnja Šiška? To avoid the municipal police control.   Ljubljana main railway station with several hackney carriages that transported passengers to town.   The state railway station in the community of Šiška.
The railway station in Trbiž (Tarvis).   An advertising picture postcard of the square in front of the railway station in Basel; on the right we see the main agency of the shipping company Compagnie Générale Transatlantique. On the building of the mentioned company is a sign in Slovene language: “Izseljevanje” (Emigration).   La Gare du Nord in Paris was the station for the route towards the north.   La Gare St. Lazare in Paris was the most important for Slovene emigrants travelling on the so-called “French line”, which lead from Ljubljana through the mentioned railway stations to Le Havre or to Cherbourg on the Atlantic shore.
Railway station in Le Havre.   The train conveyed the emigrants to the pier (La Gare Transatlantique) where they embarked the steamship after inspection (service de l’Emigration Enregistrement)   Front page of the timetable (October 1st 1910) with arrivals and departures of trains to and from Ljubljana. Pay attention to the number of trains in directions towards Vienna, Trieste and Trbiž!    

© Institute for Slovenian Emigration Studies, Slovenian Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Ljubljana | Ljubljana, Slovenia | 2007 | All rights reserved.