Austro-Americana Line Track Chart
Ljubljana, the capital of the former province of Carniola within Austria-Hungary, lies along the Vienna-Trieste railway. Its German name was Laibach. After the 1895 earthquake, it developed into a modern urban centre that did not lag behind similar towns of the then Central Europe. If Ljubljana had in 1880 30.505 inhabitants, twenty years later there were as many as 41.727. Apart from Slovenes, German-speaking inhabitants also lived there. During the times of mayor Ivan Hribar (1896-1910), the town was being given a more and more Slovene image, for example with street signs, signboards above shops and similar. On postcards as well, Slovene texts were besides German more frequent. The town was at that time an important railway centre through which numerous emigrants from the Balkan states and Central Europe travelled towards the Atlantic harbours and Trieste. Many Slovenes were among them. At that time, Ljubljana had – particularly its Kolodvorska ulica (Railway Station Street) - a cosmopolitan image where people of different citizenships and languages mingled, townspeople mixed with people from the outskirts, for example barrow women with peasant products; besides upright people not so few were dishonest, which caused the municipal authorities a great deal of troubles. However, never before nor later had Ljubljana been so closely connected with the world as it was at the turn of the 19th century, in the time of mass emigration, which was oriented mainly towards the United States of America.

Postcards, photographs and archival documents are from the beginning of the 20th century.
1. Podoba Ljubljane
I. The image of Ljubljana:
Cohabitation of old and new
2. Kolodvorska ulica
II. Kolodvorska ulica:
a street of emigration offices, hotels and emigrants
3. Ljubljanska mestna policija je imela veliko dela
III. The Ljubljana municipal police had a lot to do
4. Kupil bom ladijsko karto za Ameriko
IV. » I will buy a ship ticket to America«
5. Želimo vam srecno pot in nasvidenje v New Yorku (Fran Sakser)
V. »We wish you a safe journey and see you in New York«
(Fran Sakser)
6. Reklamne brošure, razglednice, letaki, plakati, priponke...
VI. Advertising brochures, picture postcards, leaflets, posters, badges …
7. Casopisni oglasi
VII. Newspapers adverts
8. Z železnico skozi Evropo do Atlantika
VIII. By railway through Europe to the Atlantic
9. Parniki: gradovi na morju
IX. Steamships:
Castles on sea
10. Zasebna korespondenca o poti v Ameriko in prvih korakih v novem okolju
X. Private correspondence on the journey to America and first steps in the new environment
11. New York
XI. New York
12. Viktor J. Kubelka
XII. Viktor J. Kubelka
13. Frank Sakser: pionir med newyorškimi slovenskimi podjetniki
XIII. Frank Sakser:
a pioneer among Slovene entrepreneurs in New York
14. Ilustracije slikarja Ivana Vavpotica
XIV. Illustrations by painter Ivan Vavpotič
15. Slovenci v Ameriki
XV. Slovenes in America
© Institute for Slovenian Emigration Studies, Slovenian Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Ljubljana | Ljubljana, Slovenia | 2007 | All rights reserved.